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  Volume 23, Number 148                              Monday, July 28, 2014

Trade Reports International Group


TFA – ‘Wait and Watch’ Mode

      Geneva – The World Trade Organization went into a “wait and watch” mode on Friday after General Council chair Jonathan Fried suspended the meeting that began Thursday over the continued impasse on starting the sign-up process for the Trade Facilitation Agreement (WTD, 7/25/14).

 India insisted that it would not sign onto the Trade Facilitation Agreement until all issues in the Bali package – including a permanent solution for food security for developing countries – are completed by the end of the year.

 Ambassador Fried told members that if he does not hear from any member by midnight July 31 – the deadline for adopting the agreement’s protocol – then the General Council will be adjourned, WTD was told.

 Meanwhile, hectic consultations are underway among major capitals to find immediate solutions to the issues raised by India its four-page statement.  US Trade Representative Michael Froman had met with the Indian ambassador in Washington last week.

 Chances of a breakthrough by next Thursday are remote, sources here say.

 Indian trade minister Nirmala Sitaraman made his message clear last week that the Trade Facilitation Agreement must be addressed as part of a Bali “single undertaking,” including food security.  At Friday’s General Council meeting India trade envoy Anjali Prasad said the adoption of the Trade Facilitation protocol must be postponed until a permanent solution on public stockholding programs for food security is found.

TFA, Development Equally Important – India

 The Indian envoy added that New Delhi remains committed to the Trade Facilitation Agreement but other issues in the Bali package are equally important.  “The Bali outcomes were negotiated as a package and must be concluded as such,” he said.

 In his statement to the General Council, Ambassador Pasad said that “although discussions on the DDA work program – the timeline which is December, 2014 – may have started for the sake of form, we seem to be repeating our past mistakes.  A clear will to engage in areas of interest to developing countries is conspicuously absent.  To make matters worse, persistent efforts are being made to subvert the mandate by divesting it of its core elements.”  While meetings have taken place on some of the Bali development issues, they have not even resulted in the contours within which those issues are to be discussed further – and resolved, he continued.  Discussions on the Bali decision on public stockholding have not even commenced despite repeated requests, he added.  “Some of the LDC issues have been similarly left behind.”

 “As a consequence, even seven months after Bali, we do not have the required confidence and trust that there will be constructive engagement on issues that impact the livelihood of a very significant part of the global population.”

 New Delhi offered a four-point action plan to “deliver” outcomes on all Bali issues –

 ●        establishing immediately an institutional mechanism such as a dedicated Special Session of the Committee on Agriculture to find a permanent solution on public stockholding for food security;

 ●        clear-cut procedures, timelines and outcomes under this institutional mechanism so as to arrive at a permanent solution by December 31;

 ●        agreeing to a similar approach on all other development issues and

 ●        a review of progress in October by the General Council.

 The United States, the European Union and Japan protested India’s demands.  Deputy US Trade Representative Michael Punke expressed disappointment over what he called “misstatements about activities in the past seven months.”  He said there is a clear timeframe for addressing public distribution programs for food security by the 11th ministerial meeting in 2017.  Ambassador Punke said the United States followed on its commitments by submitting proposals on food security.  “The United States is working in good faith to bridge those differences, but we cannot guarantee to members .... that we will succeed, any more than others can make that commitment to us,” Mr. Punke told the General Council.

 Mr. Punke continued – “Today, we are extremely discouraged that a small handful of members in this organization are ready to walk away from their commitments at Bali, to kill the Bali agreement, to kill the power of that good faith and goodwill we all shared, to flip the lights in this building back to dark,” Ambassador Punke said.

 “It is no use to sugar coat the consequences of such action or to pretend that there will be business as usual in the aftermath,” Mr. Punke.

 USTR’s Punke pointed out in his remarks that if the Bali package fails, there can be no post-Bali program.

 The United States urged members to conclude the Trade Facilitation Agreement protocol by the July 31 deadline so all members can keep their commitments.

Froman Consulting

 In Washington, US Trade Representative Michael Froman said that the current stalemate has “brought the WTO to the brink of crisis.” A decision to walk away from the package agreed to last December in Bali – including the Trade Facilitation Agreement – “would have serious ramifications on the future of the Doha round.”

 “The current state of play on Trade Facilitation threatens to deal a serious blow to the credibility of the multilateral trading system and to set back the development needs of many countries around the world.”

 Mr. Froman said he will be consulting with other WTO members on appropriate next steps.

 Jamaica trade envoy Wayne McCook asked that WTO Director General Roberto Azevêdo – as chair of the Trade Negotiations Committee – propose a specific work program to negotiate on all issues with emphasis on the Bali decisions concerning the “best endeavor” outcomes on agriculture and development.

 In his introductory remarks Friday, the Director General said what happens in the implementation of the Trade Facilitation Agreement will have a significant influence on the progress that members were able to make in the post-Bali work program – and particularly on the Doha Development Agenda.


President Obama and Ex-Im

 President Obama is making reauthorization of the US Export-Import Bank a high priority, Commerce Secretary Penny Pritzker said Friday (WTD, 7/25/14).

 A long-term reauthorization of the Bank is “essential” to keep US exports growing, the Commerce chief told reporters in a telephone press conference with Connecticut Democrat Sen. Chris Murphy.  Without the Bank, US exporters would have to compete against “aggressive financing” provided by other countries’ export credit agencies.

 Ms. Pritzker said President Obama stressed the importance of Ex-Im reauthorization in a conversation earlier in the week.

 The Administration is seeking a five-year reauthorization.  The Bank’s charter is currently set to expire September 30.

 Lawmakers are looking at the possibility of a short-term reauthorization in September when Congress will have to pass a continuing resolution to keep the federal government funded, according to Sen. Murphy.  Lawmakers would then pass a long-term reauthorization in the post-election “Lame Duck” session.

 The senator said he would prefer a “clean” long-term reauthorization.  But it is possible that long-term reauthorization would be attached to the fiscal 2015 omnibus spending bill Congress will need to approve by the end of the year, he suggested.

 The senator expressed confidence that reauthorization would pass the Senate on a strong bipartisan vote.  The problem remains in the House, he said, where some Republicans are pushing to dismantle the Bank.

 One of the Bank’s chief House opponents – Financial Services Chairman Jeb Hensarling (R-Texas) – urged President Obama Friday to halt all Bank activity in Russia given Moscow’s continued intervention in Ukraine.  In a letter to the President, the lawmaker warned that ExIm’s continued – and even increasing – activity in Russia will not make reauthorization any easier.  He called on the President to “immediately halt any and all deals the Export-Import Bank is working on with Russia and with Russian companies and to suspend consideration of future Ex-Im deals involving Russia.”

   Mr. Hensarling opposes reauthorization, arguing that the Bank amounts to corporate welfare.


Commerce Decides on Photovoltaics

 The Commerce Department announced affirmative preliminary determinations in its antidumping investigations on imports of certain crystalline silicon photovoltaic products – cells, modules, laminates and/or panels – from China and Taiwan (WTD, 6/4/14).

 Commerce currently has existing orders in place on crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells, whether or not assembled into modules, from China.  The scope of the current investigations excludes products covered by the existing orders.

 Crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells typically form the basic element of solar panels, modules, and/or laminates but can be used in other products as well, including building-integrated materials.

 The department found that the crystalline silicon photovoltaics have been sold in the United States at dumping margins ranging from 26.33 percent to 165.04 percent from China and from 27.59 percent to 44.18 percent from Taiwan.

 Last year, imports from China were valued at an estimated $1.5 billion.  Imports from Taiwan were $656.8 million.

 Commerce is scheduled to announce its final determinations by December 16.

Ferrosilicon from Venezuela, Russia

 Separately, Commerce on Friday issued its affirmative final determination in the antidumping investigation of imports of ferrosilicon from Venezuela and its negative final determination on dumped imports from Russia (WTD, 3/7/14).

 Ferrosilicon is primarily used as an alloying agent in the production of steel and cast iron.

 Commerce found that ferrosilicon from Venezuela has been sold in the United States at a dumping margin of 22.84 percent.  In 2013 from Venezuela amounted to some $43.3 million.

 The ITC is scheduled to make its final injury determination with regard to imports from Venezuela on September 7.  The negative Russian decisions ends the antidumping investigation.


Around the Globe

             ●     Russia has reacted angrily to additional sanctions imposed by the European Union over Moscow’s role in the Ukraine crisis, saying they would hamper cooperation on security issues and undermine the fight against terrorism and organized crime, Reuters news service reported (WTD, 7/25/14). Russia’s Foreign Ministry also accused the United States, which has already imposed its own sanctions against Moscow, of contributing to the conflict in Ukraine through its support for the pro-Western government in Kiev.

 The 28-nation EU reached an outline agreement on Friday to impose the first economic sanctions on Russia over its behavior in Ukraine but scaled back their scope to exclude technology for the crucial gas sector.  The EU also imposed travel bans and asset freezes on the chiefs of Russia’s Federal Security Service and foreign intelligence service and a number of other top Russian officials, saying they had helped shape Russian government policy that threatened Ukraine’s sovereignty and national integrity.

 “The additional sanction list is direct evidence that the EU countries have set a course for fully scaling down cooperation with Russia over the issues of international and regional security,” Russia’s Foreign Ministry said Saturday in a statement.  “[This] includes the fight against the proliferation of weapon of mass destruction, terrorism, organized crime and other new challenges and dangers.”  The EU had already imposed asset freezes and travel bans on dozens of senior Russian officials over Russia’s annexation in March of Ukraine’s Black Sea peninsula of Crimea and its support for separatists battling Kiev’s forces in eastern Ukraine.

 The decision to move towards targeting sectors of Russia’s economy came after last week’s downing of a Malaysia Airlines plane, killing 298 people, in an area of eastern Ukraine held by the Russian-backed separatists.

 Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier of Germany, Europe’s largest economy which also has strong trade ties with Russia, spoke out strongly in favor of the new EU sanctions against Moscow in an interview published on Saturday. “After the death of 300 innocent people in the MH17 crash and the disrespectful roaming around the crash site of marauding soldiers, the behavior of Russia leaves us no other choice.” he told Germany’s Sueddeutsche Zeitung newspaper.

             ●      Continued delays in the approval of a number of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) by the European Union are giving rise to increased criticism from the United States, which is again urging the EU executive to respect its own rules and procedures, according to a report by EU Trade Insights (WTD, 5/26/14).  In a new call to the Union, US Ambassador to the EU Anthony Gardner told a small group of journalists on 24 July that the latest delays in reviewing nine biotech files by the Commission represents a “major issue” for Washington because it “comes to the core of some of the disputes we have with Europe in TTIP [transatlantic trade and investment partnership].”

 On 23 July, the College of Commissioners had once again the opportunity to examine nine specific biotech files, eight relating to food and feed imports and one for cultivation. But the College declined, again, Gardner noted, explaining that “some of these decisions will continue to be stalled for months, and perhaps for much longer than that.” According to the Ambassador, in some cases, “these files have been stuck in the process for up to 14 years.”

             ●       Germany is to reject a multibillion-dollar free trade deal between the European Union and Canada which is widely seen as a template for a bigger agreement with the United States, a leading German paper reported on Saturday according to Reuters news service (WTD, 7/21/14).  Citing diplomats in Brussels, the Sueddeutsche Zeitung reported that Berlin objects to clauses outlining the legal protection offered to firms investing in the 28-member bloc. Critics say they could allow investors to stop or reverse laws.

 The German government could not sign the agreement with Canada “as it has been negotiated now,” the paper reported, quoting German diplomats in Brussels.  It also said that the clauses in the Canada deal were similar to those in the U.S. agreement, which is still under negotiation.  “The free trade treaty with Canada is a test for the agreement with the United States,” said one senior official at the Commission in Brussels, according to the paper. If the deal with Canada is rejected “then the one with the United States is also dead,” added the official.

 Asked about the report, a spokesman for Germany’s Economy Ministry referred to correspondence which outlined Germany’s concerns about investor protection in talks with both countries.

             ●      Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe agreed to work toward wrapping up a 12-nation trade agreement, known as the Trans-Pacific Partnership, in the near future, the Latin American Herald Tribune reported (WTD, 7/24/14). They also presided over the signing of 14 cooperation agreements in the oil, education, health and agricultural sectors and the areas of environmental protection and renewable-energy promotion.

 In a message to the media after the accords were signed, Abe said he and Peña Nieto agreed during Friday’s meeting to work together to help ensure the proposed TPP, which is to link 12 economies of the Pacific Basin, is signed shortly.  The TPP negotiations involving Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the United States, and Vietnam have hit a snag, however, due in large part to the Japanese government’s desire to maintain its barriers to farm imports.  Peña Nieto’s administration has expressed confidence that the ambitious trade accord will be signed before year’s end.

 Both leaders also pledged to continue to review the bilateral Economic Association Agreement that Mexico and Japan signed a decade ago.

             ●          Iran’s free trade zones, which enjoy advantages such as tax exemptions and less trade barriers, are expected to be hubs for attracting foreign investment and exporting goods, First Vice President Es’haq Jahangiri told a meeting of the High Council for Free Trade, Industrial and Special Economic Zones (WTD, 6/27/14).  However, Jahangiri said, “It is sometimes noticed that these regions have turned into hubs for importation of consumer goods.”

 It is necessary to find the causes that why after 5 five-year developments plans “still we have not been able to achieve the targets related to certain free zones,” he observed.  So far the free trade zones have not been used properly and it is hoped that after finding the causes behind this problem the government can draw up a proper plan in this regard, he noted.

   —  —

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On the Web......



US Relations.  White House statement on US business relations with Africa.  (available at:  http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2014/07/25/connecting-african-leaders-us-industry-beyond-beltway )  issued:  7/25/14.


Food Safety.  Agriculture Department’s Food Safety and Inspection Service notice on equivalency of international food inspection services for meat, eggs and dairy.  (available at:  http://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/wcm/connect/ac10a0c7-792f-4323-a0c7-15a8d4ee71bd/35-14.pdf?MOD=AJPERES )  issued:  7/25/14.


G-20.  Chinese statement on the G-20 trade ministerial meeting.  (available at:  http://english.mofcom.gov.cn/article/newsrelease/significantnews/201407/20140700674188.shtml )  issued:  5/24/14.


TF.  National Foreign Trade Council statement on the World Trade Organization Trade Facilitation Agreement.  (available at:  http://www.nftc.org )  issued:  7/25/14.

European Union

Cheese.  Commerce Department latest report on overseas subsidies of cheese production.  (available at:  http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2014-07-25/html/2014-17571.htm )  issued:  7/25/14.

Fishery Products.  European Union statement on the inspection of imports of US fish and products.  (available at:  http://ec.europa.eu/food/fvo/rep_details_en.cfm?rep_inspection_ref=2012-6541 )  issued:  7/25/14.

Russia.  European Union statement on new restrictive measures against Russia.  (available at:  http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_STATEMENT-14-242_en.htm )  issued:  7/25/14.

WTO.  European Union statement on the World Trade Organization post-Bali work program.  (available at:  http://newsletter.tember.nu/t/ViewEmail/y/861435F063C0E642/5CC767152EAC376C81176E9AA71FFAE9 )  issued:  7/25/14.

Export Controls

Penalties.  Treasury Department report on civil penalties for violation of US export control laws.  (available at:  http://content.govdelivery.com/accounts/USTREAS/bulletins/c66171 )  issued:  7/25/14.

Export-Import Bank

Reauthorization.  Statement by Rep. Kuster on US Export-Import Bank reauthorization.  (available in the Congressional Record of July 23 ).

Reauthorization.  National Association of Manufacturers statement on reauthorization of the US Export-Import Bank.  (available at:

http://www.nam.org )  issued:  7/25/14.  

Russia.  Statement by House Financial Services Chairman Hensarling asking the US Export-Import Bank to stop lending to Russia.  (available at:  http://financialservices.house.gov/news/email/show.aspx?ID=DYNDNEPL2QYWDJYQVR6HWBY56U )  issued:  7/25/14.

Fish and Fisheries

European Union.  European Union statement on the inspection of imports of US fish and products.  (available at:  http://ec.europa.eu/food/fvo/rep_details_en.cfm?rep_inspection_ref=2012-6541 )  issued:  7/25/14.

Food and Beverages

Cheese.  Commerce Department latest report on overseas subsidies of cheese production.  (available at:  http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2014-07-25/html/2014-17571.htm )  issued:  7/25/14.

Safety.  Agriculture Department’s Food Safety and Inspection Service notice on equivalency of international food inspection services for meat, eggs and dairy.  (available at:  http://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/wcm/connect/ac10a0c7-792f-4323-a0c7-15a8d4ee71bd/35-14.pdf?MOD=AJPERES )  issued:  7/25/14.

Health and Safety

Food Safety.  Agriculture Department’s Food Safety and Inspection Service notice on equivalency of international food inspection services for meat, eggs and dairy.  (available at:  http://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/wcm/connect/ac10a0c7-792f-4323-a0c7-15a8d4ee71bd/35-14.pdf?MOD=AJPERES )  issued:  7/25/14.


WTO.  Statement by India at the World Trade Organization General Council on the post-Bali work program.  )  issued:  7/25/14.


Mongolia.  Japanese statement on the free trade agreement with Mongolia.  (available at:  http://www.meti.go.jp/english/speeches/20140722_01.html )  issued:  7/25/14.

WTO.  Statement by Japan on the World Trade Organization post-Bali program at the General Council meeting.  issued:  7/25/14.


Japan.  Japanese statement on the free trade agreement with Mongolia.  (available at:  http://www.meti.go.jp/english/speeches/20140722_01.html )  issued:  7/25/14.


European Union.  European Union statement on new restrictive measures against Russia.  (available at:  http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_STATEMENT-14-242_en.htm )  issued:  7/25/14.

Ex-Im Bank.  Statement by House Financial Services Chairman Hensarling asking the US Export-Import Bank to stop lending to Russia.  (available at:  http://financialservices.house.gov/news/email/show.aspx?ID=DYNDNEPL2QYWDJYQVR6HWBY56U )  issued:  7/25/14.


Export Earned Allowance.  International Trade Commission report on the textile export earned allowance program.  (available at:  http://www.usitc.gov/press_room/news_release/2014/er0725mm1.htm )  issued:  7/27/14.

Trade Balance

Calculation.  Public Citizen statement on “factory-less” goods manufacturing.  (available at:  http://www.citizen.org )  issued:  7/25/14.

Trade Policy

Kennedy Round.  World Trade Organization statement on de-restriction of reports during the Kennedy Round of negotiations.  (available at:  https://docs.wto.org/dol2fe/Pages/FE_Search/FE_S_S009-DP.aspx?language=E&CatalogueIdList=126129,126136,126137,126138,126135,126117,126128,126099,126093,126098&CurrentCatalogueIdIndex=2&FullTextSearch= )  issued:  7/25/14.

Make It in America.  House statements by several members on Make It In America.  (available in the Congressional Record of July 22 ).

World Trade Organization

G-25.  Statement by 25 World Trade Organization members on the post-Bali work program.  issued:  7/24/14.

India.  Statements by India at the World Trade Organization General Council on the post-Bali work program.  issued:  7/25/14.

Post-Bali.  Statement by Japan on the World Trade Organization post-Bali program at the General Council meeting.  issued:  7/25/14.

Post-Bali.  European Union statement on the World Trade Organization post-Bali work program.  (available at:  http://newsletter.tember.nu/t/ViewEmail/y/861435F063C0E642/5CC767152EAC376C81176E9AA71FFAE9 )  issued:  7/25/14.

Post-Bali.  Statement by World Trade Organization Director General Azevedo to the General Council on the WTO work program.  (available at:  http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news14_e/gc_25jul14_e.htm and https://docs.wto.org/dol2fe/Pages/FE_Search/FE_S_S009-DP.aspx?language=E&CatalogueIdList=126120,126121,126109,126134,126140,126141,126110,126139,126118,126115&CurrentCatalogueIdIndex=4&FullTextSearch= and https://docs.wto.org/dol2fe/Pages/FE_Search/FE_S_S009-DP.aspx?language=E&CatalogueIdList=126120,126121,126109,126134,126140,126141,126110,126139,126118,126115&CurrentCatalogueIdIndex=5&FullTextSearch= )  issued:  7/25/14.

Post-Bali.  Statement by US Trade Representative Froman on the post-Bali World Trade Organization work program.  (available at:  http://www.ustr.gov/about-us/press-office/speeches/transcripts/2014/July/Statement-by-Ambassador-Froman-on-the-WTO-Trade-Facilitation-Agreement )  issued:  7/25/14.

Post-Bali.  Statement by Deputy US Trade Representative Punke at the World Trade Organization on the post-Bali work program.  (available at:  http://www.ustr.gov/about-us/press-office/speeches/transcripts/2014/July/Statement-by-Ambassador-Punke-at-WTO-General-Council )  issued:  7/25/14.

TF.  National Foreign Trade Council statement on the World Trade Organization Trade Facilitation Agreement.  (available at:  http://www.nftc.org )  issued:  7/25/14.

What we’re covering this week –

   The focus this week is on Africa as things gear up for the first-ever US-Africa leaders summit, which takes place next week along with the annual African Growth and Opportunity Act forum.

             ●          On Monday, President Obama kicks off two weeks of Africa-related events with a speech to the Young African Leaders Summit.  Secretary of State John Kerry and members of Congress also speak.

             ●          The US-Mexico cross-border trucking pilot program is discussed at a meeting of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration’s subcommittee on border issues.

             ●          Tuesday and Wednesday, the Commerce Department holds its annual export controls update conference.

             ●          The House Ways and Means trade subcommittee holds a hearing on US-Africa trade.

             ●          Also Tuesday, US Trade Representative Michael Froman discusses AGOA and US trade policy toward Africa at a program sponsored by the Brookings Institution.

             ●          AGOA is on the agenda at a program sponsored by the Washington Society for International Development.  Assistant USTR Florizelle Liser is among the speakers.

             ●          Also Tuesday, the House Oversight economic growth, job creation and regulatory affairs subcommittee holds a hearing on allegations of corruption at the US Export-Import Bank.

             ●          The Senate Finance subcommittee on international trade, customs and global competition holds a hearing on the US-Korea free trade agreement.

             ●          Wednesday, the Senate Finance Committee holds a hearing on AGOA.

             ●          Thursday, Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan addresses the National Press Club.

             ●          The Atlantic Council sponsors a program on the upcoming US-Africa leaders summit with Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs Linda Thomas-Greenfield.

             ●          On Friday, Congo President Denis Sassou-Nguesso takes his turn on the podium at the National Press Club.

             ●          Also Friday, the 2014 AGOA Civil Society forum is held.

Read Our Latest Blog


Friday Afternoon


Straight talk.   

Click the highlighted text to hear snippets from WTD’s straight talk.

•  Comments by Senate Finance Committee Chairman Ron Wyden to the press on trade and transparency on July 16.

•  Australia News Network interviews World Trade Organization Director General Roberto Azevedo during his visit to the G-20 meetings in Sydney on July 17.

•  New House Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy on June 22 tells Fox News Sunday why the US Export-Import Bank should end.

•  Here’s why Congressional ignorance can be very dangerous when it comes to willy-nilly support for free trade agreements, according to consumer advocate Ralph Nader.

 •  Here’s what’s at stake with Trade Promotion Authority and why Louisiana Republican Rep. Charles Boustany can’t sleep at night.

 •  Here’s what Wisconsin Republican Rep. Tom Petri said on the House floor April 10 about TTIP and Bratwurst.

 •  Here’s a brief interview with the Heritage Foundation’s Foundry report with House Financial Services Chair Rep. Jeb Hensarling (R-Texas) on the dangers of renewing the US Export-Import Bank given April 17.

 •  Here’s a brief snippet from remarks April 8 by Senate Finance Committee ranking Republican Orrin Hatch saying he is befuddled over why the President says he supports Trade Promotion Authority but doesn’t do anything about.

 •  Here’s Aspen Institute scholar and former Reagan Administration Assistant Secretary of Commerce speaking about with WTD on the many iterations of a US-European Union free trade agreement after a recent Hudson Institute event.

 •  Here’s what veteran House Democrat Richard Neal (Mass) – one of four cochairs of the new House TTIP Caucus – told WTD during a reception celebrating the caucus creation on April 3.

 •  Here’s what World Trade Organization chief spokesperson Keith Rockwell said in Washington on how and why the WTO is back.

 •  Here’s what Council of Economic Advisors Chair Jason Furman told the Joint Economic Committee last week about why there is so little mention of trade in the Economic Report of the President.

 •  This is why the European Union is wrong when it says it will never allow imports of US hormone-treated beef, Agriculture Secretary Vilsack tells WTD.